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FNI Contributes Report on Violence Against Women and Children in Sport to the United Nations

Updated: May 22

May 15, 2024 — The Facts and Norms Institute (FNI) has submitted a comprehensive report titled "Violence Against Women and Children in Sport" to the United Nations Special Rapporteur on Violence Against Women and Girls, Ms. Reem Alsalem. Authored by professor Henrique Napoleão Alves, the report aims to shed light on the various forms of violence experienced by women and children in the sporting world and contribute to the global efforts to combat these critical issues.

The report provides analysis of the physical, psychological, economic, and digital violence in sports. It highlights the heightened risks and vulnerabilities that women and children encounter, particularly those from marginalized and intersectional backgrounds. The document emphasizes the importance of a human rights-based approach to addressing and preventing violence in sports.

Key Highlights of the Report:

  • Examines instances of direct physical harm, including sexual violence, experienced by women and girls in sports.

  • Discusses the impact of verbal abuse, body shaming, and other non-physical forms of hostility on athletes' mental health and well-being.

  • Explores financial exploitation, contract manipulation, and control over athletes' earnings, underscoring the economic vulnerabilities that female athletes face.

  • Addresses the growing issue of digital harassment, cyberbullying, and online exploitation affecting female athletes in the digital age.

  • Analyzes "coercive control" as patterns of behavior aimed at isolating, exploiting, and controlling athletes, eroding their autonomy and self-esteem.

The report also situates the discussion within a robust conceptual and normative framework, drawing from international human rights standards and conventions, including CEDAW, the Belém do Pará Convention, the Istanbul Convention, the Maputo Protocol, and others. By highlighting both overt and covert forms of violence, the report calls for comprehensive measures to protect female athletes, promote gender equality, and ensure a safe and supportive environment in sports.

Henrique Napoleão Alves, Director of FNI, stated:

"Our report aims to contribute to the United Nations' ongoing efforts to address violence against women and children in sports. By bringing these issues to light, we hope to foster a global dialogue that leads to actionable change and the protection of athletes' rights. Violence is unacceptable. It is imperative that we work collectively to create safe and inclusive conditions for all athletes."

The Facts and Norms Institute remains committed to its mission of promoting a rational, human rights-based approach to social issues. Since its establishment, the Institute has engaged in various educational, research, and advocacy activities to address pressing human rights challenges globally.


To read the full report, click here:

Alves HN. Violence against women and children in sport. UN input
Download PDF • 803KB


About the Facts and Norms Institute:

The Facts and Norms Institute is an independent academic institution based in the Global South, with a presence on all continents. The Institute focuses on promoting human rights through research, education, and advocacy. It collaborates with international organizations, including the United Nations and the Inter-American Court of Human Rights, to address critical human rights issues. For more information about the Institute’s activities and projects, please visit


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